Gunung Kawi Temple – Discussing tourist attractions in Bali will never run out because Bali is a paradise for travelers not only in Indonesia but also in the world.
In Ubud, Gianyar Regency, we can enjoy a lot of cultural beauty, not only rafting attractions, traditional dance spectacles, tourist parks, but also ancient sites that you can visit, one of which is Mount Kawi.
Gunung Kawi is not the name of a mountain as is the case in the Java Island area, but one of the cultural heritage tourist attractions with several ancient relics in the form of a temple composed of carved stones.
In addition to enjoying the scenery around tourist attractions, there are many historical values that we can know. Here are some things related to Gunung Kawi tourism objects, in Bali.
Gunung Kawi Temple Locatian
Gunung Kawi Temple is located near the Pakerisan River, Penaka Hamlet, Tampaksiring Village, Tampaksiring District, Gianyar Regency.
Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampaksiring Village, Tampaksiring District, Gianyar Regency, Bali. When we first set foot on the Gunung Kawi location, we could feel the beautiful and cool atmosphere because of the grove of trees growing around the location. The flow of river water adds to the fresh atmosphere.
There are tiered stairs that will take visitors who want to get to the location, these stairs are made of solid stone that is lined up neatly, there are about 315 steps when we pass it to the Gunung Kawi tour.
Arriving at the tourist area, we can see the temple site which is divided into two groups, uniquely this temple group is separated by the flow of the Pakerisan River.
In addition to the temple, there are also bathing pools and showers. In the group of temples in the west of the river, there are 4 pieces. As for the other group located in the east of the river, there are 5 pieces.
The scenery at Gunung Kawi Temple is dominated by rock walls carved in the form of a temple that seems to be framed by an arch.
The function of the arch around the temple in fact serves as a protector to prevent erosion that can cause damage to the temple. Seen several types of moss plants growing around the rocks.
Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampaksiring Village, Tampaksiring District, Gianyar Regency, Bali. Entering the western area of the temple complex, there is a hermitage called Vihara. The shape is a room made of stone on a carved cliff, the Vihara room is not too wide but is equipped with a small hole that functions as air circulation.
Possibly, in ancient times this place was used as a place of meditation. In addition to baths, showers, the Vihara, the Gunung Kawi Temple complex is also equipped with a place for a hermitage called Geria Marker and also a gate.
The calm and cool atmosphere around Gunung Kawi tourism is indeed very fitting to be used as a place for recreation, meditation or just relaxing to unwind. This place has become a protected archaeological site but is still functioned by local residents as a place of worship for Hinduism to this day.
The origin of the name Gunung Kawi temple is Gunung which means mountain and Kawi which means sculpture. This name is indeed in accordance with the state of the temple made of rock cliffs in the mountains by carving.
The discovery of the Gunung Kawi Temple site was first discovered by researchers from the Netherlands in 1920. Since then, research has continued to be carried out regarding the archaeological site of the Gunung Kawi Temple.
According to research, it is known that this temple was built during the reign of King Udayana until the reign of his son named Anak Wungsu, precisely in the 11th century.
Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampaksiring Village, Tampaksiring District, Gianyar Regency, Bali. King Udayana was one of the kings who was quite famous in his time. King Udayana came from the Marwadewa dynasty and later married a Javanese princess named Gunapriya Dharma Patni. From this marriage, King Udayana had 2 children, named Erlangga and Anak Wungsu.
One source that indicates that the Gunung Kawi Temple was built during the reign of King Udayana is the writing carved on the pseudo-door. From this paper, researchers can conclude and interpret the existence of the temple.
Gunung Kawi Temple has located about 40 km from Denpasar city, can be reached by car or motorbike for 1 hour. However, from Gianyar, it only takes half an hour to get to the location or is about 21 km. For other transportation options, you can use public transportation such as buses, taxis, or travel cars.
Gunung Kawi is a Hindu Temple complex with old omissions from the stone era located in the Gianyar regency. Based on the inscription of Tengkulak A on 945 saka (Balinese calendar) which is released by Marakata King, the ancient omission complex is located at the Pekerisan River then it is called Katyangan Amarawati.
Persian River is also named by Jalu, which is according to the inscription chiseled on the above of the biggest temple door sound ‘Haji Lumahing Jalu’. The name is the name given on the omission which is related to the complex of temples because the temple on this area is like the symbol from the mount.
There are 3 temples which so-called name Gunung Kawi in Bali those are Gunung Kawi in the Sebatu countryside, Gunung Kawi Temple in Keliki countryside, and Gunung Kawi Temple in Babitra countryside.
The ancient omission complex of Gunung Kawi is founded in 10 century.
It is founded in the era of Udayana at about 989 M, At the period of Marakata governance in 1023, the omission which is called Katyagan Amaravati is developed and continued by the governance of Anak Wungsu which is guess lead between the years of 1049 – 1077 M.